colors either used as very high values such as $500, $1,000, $5,000, and so forth, common in tournaments, or as special “fractional” values such as $2 or $0.50, common in low-limit games.

In casinos, uniform chip colors and sizes are sometimes specified by the local gaming control board for consistency. For example, regulations in specify similar uniform colors. Notably, Nevada has no regulations regarding color, which is why Nevada casinos may use white, blue, or gray as $1, though $5 and greater are almost always consistently colored. All US states where gambling is legal require that casino chips have a unique combination of edge spots for identification, the name and location of the casino and the chip’s value, if any, impressed, printed, or molded onto the obverse and reverse of the token.

In 19th-century America, there was enough of a tradition of using blue chips for higher values that “blue chip” in noun and adjective senses signaling high-value chips and high-value property are attested since 1873 and 1894, respectively.This established connotation was first extended to the sense of a blue-chip stock in the 1920s.

$2.50 chips (colloquially referred to as “snappers” by chip collectors) are mostly used for blackjack tables, since a “natural” (a 21 on the first two cards dealt to a player) typically pays 3:2 and most wagers are in increments of $5. However, the Tropicana Casino and Borgata in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and others, have used $2.50 (pink) chips in $7.50 to $15 and $10 to $20 poker games

$20 chips are used mostly at baccarat and pai gow poker because a 5% commission charged for all winning banker wagers at baccarat and winning wagers at pai gow converts evenly. Bets of $20 are not uncommon in traditional table games such as craps and roulette; a $20 chip, for example, places a $5 bet on each of the “hard ways” in craps and is preferable to passing a stack of chips or making change.

Because eight is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture, chips denominated 8, 88, and 888 (e.g., $8 in the US) are common in casinos catering to a Chinese clientele, often as a promotion for the Chinese Lunar New Year. They will sometimes contain an image of the animal associated with the year and are issued in a variety of colors.

Low-denomination yellow chips vary in value: $20 in Atlantic City and Illinois (which also uses “mustard yellow” $0.50 chips); $5 at most Southern California poker rooms; $2 at Foxwoods’ poker room in Ledyard, Connectiut; Running Aces Harness Park and Cantebury Park, both in Minnesota; and at Casino del Sol in Tucson, Arizona; and $0.50 at Potawatomi Casino in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Blue chips are occasionally used for $10, most notably in Atlantic City. In Las Vegas and California, most casinos use blue or white for $1 chips, though many Las Vegas casinos now use $1 metal tokens in lieu of chips.

Chips are also available in denominations of $1000 or more, depending on the wagering limits of the casino. Such chips are often yellow or orange. Casinos in Nevada, Atlantic City, and other areas that permit high wagers typically have chips available in $5000, $10,000, $25,000, and more; the colors for these vary widely.

Denominations above $5000 are almost never encountered by the general public; their use is usually limited to “high limit rooms” where bet sizes are much greater than on the main floor. Casinos often use gaming plaques for these denominations: These plaques are about the size of a playing card, and must be marked with serial numbers. The greatest value placed on a plaque to date is $10 million, used at the London Club in Las Vegas.

Televised poker tournaments and cash games sometimes use bundled paper bills for high denominations, though the World Series of Poker and the World Poker Tour use round chips exclusively with denominations up to $250,000; tournament chips, however, are not redeemable for cash.

European casinos use a similar scheme, though certain venues, such as the Aviation Club de France, use pink for €2 and blue for €10. European casinos also use plaques rather than chips for high denominations, usually in the €1000 and higher range.


Each casino has a unique set of chips, even if the casino is part of a greater company. This distinguishes a casino’s chips from others, since each chip and token on the gaming floor has to be backed up with the appropriate amount of cash. In addition, with the exception of Nevada, casinos are not permitted to honor another casino’s chips.

The security features of casino chips are numerous. Artwork is of a very high resolution or of photographic quality. Custom color combinations on the chip edge (edge spots) are usually distinctive to a particular casino. UV markings can be made on the inlay. Certain chips incorporate RFID technology, such as those at the Wynn Casino in Las Vegas. Also, makers’ marks are difficult to reproduce. Also being used by one manufacturer, Palm Gaming, is an audible taggant incorporated into the ceramic chip blank. A simple handheld reader will beep if the gaming chip is authentic. Palm Gaming is even manufacturing custom made molds for their ceramic gaming chips- adding yet another high level of security to its gaming chip.

Counterfeit chips are rare. High levels of surveillance, along with staff familiarity with chip design and coloring, make passing fake chips difficult. Casinos, though, are prepared for this situation. All states require that casinos have a set of chips in reserve with alternate markings,[citation needed] though they may not be required to have exactly the same number of reserve chips as they do on the floor. The most notable instance of counterfeiting chips was broken up in 2005, when two men were caught falsely converting $1 chips into higher denominations.

Casino chips used in tournaments are usually much cheaper and of much simpler design. Because the chips have no cash value, usually chips are designed with a single color (usually differing in shade or tone from the version on the casino floor), a smaller breadth, and a basic mark on the interior to distinguish denominations; however, at certain events (such as the World Series of Poker or other televised poker), chips approach quality levels of chips on the floor.



Money is exchanged for tokens in a casino at the casino cage, at the gaming tables, or at a cashier station. The tokens are interchangeable with money at the casino. They generally have no value outside of the casino, but certain businesses (such as taxis or waiters—especially for tips) in gambling towns may honor them informally.

Tokens are employed for several reasons. Because of the uniform size, shape, and patterns of stacks of chips, they are easier to tally compared to currency. This attribute also enables the pit boss or security to quickly verify the amount being paid, reducing the chance that a dealer might incorrectly pay a customer. The uniform weight of the casino’s official tokens allows them to weigh great stacks or heaps of chips rather than tally them (though aids such as chip trays are far more common.) Furthermore, it is observed that consumers gamble more freely with replacement currencies than with cash. A more pragmatic reason for casinos using chips in place of cash at table games is to discourage players from grabbing back their bet and attempting to flee should their bet not win, because chips, unlike cash, must be redeemed at the casino cashier and have no value outside the casino in question. Lastly, the chips are considered to be an integral part of the casino environment, and replacing them with some alternate currency would be unpopular.

Many casinos have eliminated the use of metal tokens (and coins) in their slot machines, in favor of paper receipts or pre-paid cards, which, while requiring heavy infrastructure costs to install, eliminate the coin handling expenses, jamming problems encountered in machines which took coins or tokens and can allow more game-specific technology in the space of a machine which would usually be dedicated to coin mechanisms. While some casinos (such as the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas) which installed the receipt system had kept the $1 tokens around for use as $1 chips, most other casinos using the receipts had simply scrapped the tokens entirely. Most casinos using receipts have automated machines at which customers may redeem receipts, eliminating the need for coin counting windows and decreasing labor costs.

Casino chip collecting is a part of numismatics, more specifically as specialized exonumia collecting. This hobby has become increasingly popular with the Casino Chips & Gaming Tokens Collectors Club formed in 1988. Some collectors may value certain casino tokens up to $100,000, which are typically traded on online auction websites like eBay. Several casinos sell custom-made sets of chips and one or two decks of cards stamped with the name of the casino on them. Each set is contained in a small briefcase or box.


The ancestors of the modern casino token were the counters used to keep score in the card games Ombre and Quadrille. In 1752, French Quadrille sets contained a number of different counters, known as jetonsfiches and mils. Unlike modern poker chips, they were colored differently only to determine player ownership for purposes of settling payments at the end of the game, with different denominations differentiated by different shapes that each counter type had.

In the early history of Poker during the 19th century, players seemed to use any small valuable object imaginable. Early poker players sometimes used jagged gold pieces, gold nuggets, gold dust, or coins as well as “chips” primarily made of ivory, bone, wood, paper, and a composition made from clay and shellac. Several companies between the 1880s and the late 1930s made clay composition poker chips. There were over 1000 designs from which to choose. Most chips were white, red, blue, and yellow, but they could be made in almost any color desired.


How Software Can Help You Excel At A Card Game

Online Poker is the new favourite for players who want to win big. Since the stakes are always high in online poker, players use various means to improve their chances of winning. Thus, poker software is becoming extremely popular among them. But, how does software help you win big in a card game? Let’s find out.

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A User-Friendly Interface

Playing online poker has a lot of limitations. One of them being that the player cannot see his opponents and make his moves. Thus, he/she requires a lot of guesswork to stay ahead of the competition. An efficient poker software shows the game’s real-time statistics, in a very user-friendly manner.

Merges Seamlessly With The Poker Client

A poker software displays all the relevant information that a player needs at a single place. It shows vital statistics in real-time, helping players analyze their game. Combining all these features, the software merges seamlessly with the poker client. It requires little to no configuration upon set-up and has a compact command centre.

Saves The Hand Histories Of All The Poker Rooms

Since real money is involved in the world of online poker, it is essential to analyze one’s own game. It is also crucial to decipher the opponents’ previous moves. The poker software saves the hand history of all the poker rooms that a player visited. In this way, they can track and analyze their games in real-time.

Helps You Plan The Next Move Intelligently

Your opponent has just moved All-in, and despite having a strong hand, you are confused about whether to call or fold. Such tricky situations can make or break a player’s chances of winning in a poker game. A poker software helps you make the perfect move in such circumstances. Whenever you are short-stacked in a match, it will help you decide whether to fold pre-flop or move all-in. The player can receive this guidance by merely entering the hand details in the software. Thus, a good poker software helps players make better decisions.

ICM Calculators For Good And Fair Deals

Whenever a player is short-handed at the final table of the game, there are always chances of a player making a deal. However, making the deal can prove to be a tricky affair since each player will put a better deal for himself on the table. So, to get a fair and reasonable settlement for everyone, poker software like ICM calculators come in handy.

Help Games Run More Smoothly

Poker software is also helpful for those hosting poker tournaments. For example, a blind structure calculator helps players design tournaments which last the right amount of time, taking into account the right stack, including blind sizes. This tool helps run both online and offline games more smoothly.

Helps You Win Big And Make The Games Look Easy

All the online poker players must be aware of the importance of thinking in hand ranges rather than thinking in terms of particular hands. It helps them calculate the rough equity between two specific hands. However, keeping a tab on this equity can be a cumbersome task. Powerful poker tools help players calculate equity and can be used for poker studies. They also help them calculate pre and post flops to make the game look easy.

Available On Mobile And Desktop

Poker is an addictive card game. Once a player starts winning and gets the hang of it, it is challenging to keep yourself away from it. The urge to keep winning is uncontrollable. Poker software takes care of this urge and is available on both mobile and desktop. So, you can seamlessly enjoy your games on mobile devices and carry on from where you left. Also, there are many customization and personalization options to suit the needs of the players.


Technology has made significant inroads into our lives, and it is now transforming the way we play card games online. With all their advantages, poker software becomes quintessential for every online player. Besides developing your game, they also reduce your chances of losing. Also, by using suitable software to build his/her game, a person can transform faster from a newbie to a seasoned player.

Online Casino


It is a fact, and especially an evolution, that has really favored the growth of popularity and audience of online casinos, it is their availability on mobiles. As we could clarify in the context of games for Android or iPhone, all in free-to-play, the principle is something similar. But a difference is also in size and weight. You do not need to download any application this time to play. Playing in the 먹튀검증   site happens to be perfect now.

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The Opposite Options

If some brands tend to argue the opposite, for a proportion of 90% of casinos, the most profitable choice, and the most promising for all bettors, is the provision in flash. Thus, your mobile needs only an internet connection, a web browser, and voila. Nothing more, nothing less. Thanks to HTML5 technology developed by Google services, the transposition of all games, all services, and adaptation of the interface in its entirety adapts perfectly to your pocket or tablet screen.

The use of touch controls is most ergonomic, without forgetting of course the visuals, which do not lose their quality and optimization once again 3D animations on all screens of your smartphones. So, play on your mobile at the online casino, for free or for money, the important thing is the entertainment at every moment.

Popular Trends And Developments

Taking advantage of these evolutions, certain today, but no less essential for online casinos, allowing to play in flash on mobiles, or rubbing shoulders with casino professionals on live gaming tables, this industry marks a real want to anticipate, or mimic, the current options coveted by bettors. And there are many others, current, in the process of being launched, or in simple projects.

Poker Vr

Take for example virtual reality. A game mode mainly suited to video games, consoles or PCs, and which affirms the singularity of these entertainment on free-to-play applications via mobile. But the online casino is far from there either to make a successful transition. This is already the case, with the proposal of attractions bringing 3D video animations, perceptible to the naked eye, or benefiting from VR headsets for a more complete immersion.

In addition, there are projects all the more crazy in this register, as the publisher NetEnt, one of the most advanced in this area, which works on the concept of an online casino totally recreated in 3D, offering travel bettors as if they were in a land-based gambling establishment, and moving towards the favorite attraction. All while enjoying the VR headsets of Samsung or Microsoft. A first that calls without doubting others on the medium and long term.

Renewal By Bictoins

The constant evolution of online casinos is the factor that plays most in favor of its popularity among players and simple visitors. And now for several months, the banking options are moving towards bitcoins.



Online poker is a bit like an athletic male student who stood out in high school around 2010. He used to be handsome, handsome and attractive, he could throw balls and he used to get all the girls. Unfortunately, he never played for the first team, now he is approaching his thirties, his stomach starts to swell and while he can still throw the ball he really needs something that will refresh him.

The online poker environment is far more difficult to develop and far more popular than it used to be. The idea of ​​playing cards as a livelihood is now no more romantic than the idea of ​​becoming an e-sports player or creating a successful startup company. Online poker loses a bit of its cultural significance and is not as attractive to potential new players as it used to be.

However, there are not many activities that can offer the same freedom poker can provide, or even hobbies that can generate good side income. Online poker is far from over, you can definitely use good pick-up and the emergence of online poker sites in Asia is exactly what one might expect.

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Why Asia?

If you have lived under a shell for the past year or two there is a new trend that is evident when we talk about managing western online poker sites. PokerStars is a concrete example of a site that makes every effort to make itself less attractive to pro players and more attractive to recreational players by reducing volume rewards, making reward hunting as difficult as possible, making movie advertisements with famous celebrities and appearing with a new fast poker format that aims to attract western customers whose attention is diminishing.

Even if we consider another example of a poker network that seems to make much more sense and is less income-oriented in its changes, Microgaming reduces the rake in micro-bets and allows for screen name changes as they please should have the same effect expected by PokerStars – increasing the number of new players. and new deposit.

The Asian market represents everything that western poker operators want to look for. A number of new players like to play gambling with a lot of income. Even though China’s economy is slowing down, it is still able to provide large middle class groups who have free time and money to spend. Given the fact that China is a very densely populated Asian poker market this is no joke and could possibly be the best thing that could have happened to poker since Chris Moneymaker’s victory at the WSOP Main Event in 2003.

And that’s only China. Other Asian countries are also full of potential new players and overall that number is far greater than Western poker sites can dream of.

Gambling Traditions

“If you don’t bet, you won’t know your luck”. – Chinese proverb
In Western countries, we are conditioned to think that we are the masters of our own domain, that we can achieve anything as long as we work hard enough. We don’t need luck or fate or God. Asian countries promote very different narratives. A deep belief in luck and faith is the core of eastern culture.

People believe that their fate is largely determined by their ancestors and therefore luck at the poker table is a sign of being blessed by the gods. Gambling is often part of family gatherings, it is not uncommon for Korean families to play gambling games with real money during the New Year Holidays or Thanksgiving (Chuseok). Think about what will happen if you propose a good short-game 50NL game for your parents and siblings after the next Christmas dinner.

Gambling is something far more socially acceptable in Asian countries than in western culture. It also has a higher cultural significance. Of course we have Casinos, Maverick, Rounders, and countless other works of fiction that have succeeded in attracting part of our society (ie young people), but poker is generally preferred when it is presented as an alternative career or even a serious hobby.

The social aspects of gambling are far more prominent in Asia than in Europe or the United States. The ideas of capitalism and individualism that are rooted in making it clear to western players that to play poker with any degree of seriousness, you must value EV more than others.

Everyone is involved for themselves and the type of successful player is a lone wolf or shark.

In Asia, gambling is about results as much as building a sense of family. Playing dice, poker, or mahjong for money is not seen as a problem by most people because it is done in a social context with other people. That is why Asian poker sites have the potential to create an ecosystem that is much easier to maintain because money is not the only motivator for a large portion of the player population.

Finally, if we look at the level of gambling addiction in Asia compared to Europe, it is clear that lucky games are far more prevalent in eastern cultures. Gambling addiction rates in Europe vary from 0.5% to 3% depending on the country while in Japan it is 2 to 10 times higher at 5%.

That does not mean that you have to be eager to take advantage of the vulnerable people you might meet playing on Asian online poker sites, but it is another proof that poker in Asia is something meaningful.

Conventional Asian Poker Site

If you believe that Asian poker rooms might be worth seeing here is good news – you are only a few clicks away from creating an account on Viopoker and getting access to the full IDN Poker Network.

The process will largely be the same as if you decided to create an account with PartyPoker, PokerStars or a Microgaming Network agent, with the only difference being a softer collection of players. You will even get a good 30% old model rakeback deal (paid every Thursday) and you can deposit or withdraw money using most of the methods available to you such as on western poker sites.

This is a safe and intimate experience that has many benefits that the Asian market can offer without feeling foreign to Western players.

Agent System and Increased Home Game Applications

Poker Asia goes far deeper than just creating accounts in the widely available large poker room. We are all familiar with the idea of ​​just looking for something on the internet and having direct access to it.

If you want to play poker on Unibet you only google Unibet (or affiliate website like PokerVIP), a few clicks and one form filled out then you are a valued member of the Unibet player collection. In Asia, the process can be far more complicated. In many different eastern countries including China poker is technically illegal, there are no regulations or taxes, but because of the cultural significance of gambling, everyone still plays this game.

Poker in China is a kind of gray area that is not easy to enter, especially for Western players. Many Chinese poker sites don’t market themselves to western players and to play there, you need to contact an agent.

Asian poker and online gambling sites, in general, operate on what is called an “agent system”. Agents act as cashiers and gatekeepers. These are the people who decide whether you can play in a certain poker room and all money transactions are handled through them. For example, you can ask an agent to deposit $ 500 in your name on a particular account to play poker (applies also to sports betting, etc.).

Often this can be done with a credit system and you don’t need to have to provide money at the time of the transaction.

Finding an Asian online poker site may not be the hardest thing in the world but just because you can find it doesn’t mean that you can participate in the action. As we have already mentioned many Asian poker sites do not market themselves to an English-speaking audience and good agents can play a role in solving both language and cultural barriers.

But wait, there’s more! The fact that the social aspects of gambling are very important in Asia combined with the lack of regulations results in an increase in home game applications. For uninitiated applications such as “PP Poker” it looks like a small mobile home money game, but in reality, many home game hosts provide value on the money play chip which results in the creation of a small poker room.

Some applications allow for rakes and hence running a successful poker club through applications can be very profitable for online poker operators who bring in thousands of dollars of profit every day. Imagine how much value is gained from access to such poker rooms for solid westerners.

Unfortunately, the process isn’t that easy, and you end up having to make friends with the club owner or find an agent who will allow you to become a member of a particular home application. This is clearly far more complicated than what we are accustomed to and some western players will even bother trying to get access to games that make them all the more attractive for people who want to play.

Who knows, maybe we will go back in time when getting access to a good game is a difficult and risky process with a greater impact on one’s winnings than mastering a betting pattern?


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